Arabian adjArabian, Arab, Arabic are not freely applicable to the same things and are, consequently, often a source of confusion.
Arabian is used chiefly with reference to a place, the large peninsula in southwestern Asia which includes the modern kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Thus, one speaks of the Arabian peninsula, desert, kingdoms, flora, fauna, history, intending in each case to convey a consciousness of geographic relationship.
Arab is used chiefly with reference to a people who still dwell in Arabia or their descendants who are common in northern, eastern, and central Africa, in Madagascar, India, and the Malay Archipelago, and in some parts of Syria and Persia. The word, therefore, often implies characteristics or habits associated with Arabs (as a nomadic life, equestrian skill, or Muslim practices)

Arab customs


Arab descent


Arab harems

Distinctively, an Arabian horse is a particular horse bred in or imported from Arabia whereas the Arab horse is the kind of horse bred and used by Arabs; an Arabian caravan travels in Arabia, an Arab caravan is made up of Arabs.
Arabic refers usually to a language, originally the language of the Arabs, but now used in several countries whose inhabitants are not exclusively Arab in origin (as Palestine, Syria, Iraq, Egypt, and northern Africa)

the Arabic language

Arabic is also applicable to a culture associated with the use of the Arabic language or to any manifestations of that culture

Arabic architecture


Arabic numerals

Distinctively, Arab literature is the literature of Arabs whereas Arabian literature is produced specifically in Arabia and Arabic literature is written in Arabic.

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Arabian — Desarrolladora(s) Sunsoft Distribuidora(s) Atari, Inc Fecha(s) de lanzamiento 1983 Género(s) …   Wikipedia Español

  • arabian — baboon; arabian camel (one humped dromedary); arabian coffee; arabian horse …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • Arabian — Desert; Arabian Peninsula of Arabian Sea; inhabitant of Saudi Arabia also called Saudi (plural or singular) …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • Arabian — A*ra bi*an, a. Of or pertaining to Arabia or its inhabitants. [1913 Webster] {Arabian bird}, the phenix. Shak. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Arabian — c.1300, adjective and noun; see ARAB (Cf. Arab) + IAN (Cf. ian). As a prized type of horse, it is attested from 1660s. The Arabian bird was the phoenix …   Etymology dictionary

  • Arabian — A*ra bi*an, n. A native of Arabia; an Arab. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Arabian — A rather coarse net fabric which is edged with macrame lace and used for curtains (sec Arabe Point d ) …   Dictionary of the English textile terms

  • Arabian — ► NOUN 1) historical a person from Arabia. 2) an Arab horse. ► ADJECTIVE ▪ relating to Arabia or its people …   English terms dictionary

  • Arabian — [ə rā′bē əən] adj. of Arabia or the Arabs n. ARAB1 (senses 1 & 4) …   English World dictionary

  • Arabian — /euh ray bee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Arabia or its inhabitants. 2. Arab. 3. Arabic. n. 4. an inhabitant of Arabia. 5. an Arab. 6. See Arabian horse. [1350 1400; ARABI(A) + AN] * * * (as used in expressions) Arabian American Oil Company …   Universalium

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